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Art and Architecture of Imperial Rome

Rome, 2009

Having for many years travelled in areas once under Roman rule, I have had many opportunities to photograph the art and architecture of the provinces of the Roman Empire, in Europe, Africa and Asia,  but until September 2009 I had never had the chance to visit Rome itself. Although I was only briefly in the eternal city, I made the most of my time, concentrating on visible survivals of Roman antiquity as well as several museum collections. The buildings I documented for this collection include:

The Arch of Titus, The Arch of Septimius Severus, The Arch of Constantine, The Roman Forum, The Column of Trajan (in detail with 300mm lens), The Column of Marcus Aurelius (in detail with a 300mm lens), The Pantheon, the Ars Pacis (in detail)

I also photographed the contents of the following museum collections that relate to my study of Roman sculpture of the imperial era.:

Palatine Museum, Capitoline Museum, Vatican Museum

See the images in the Roman Gallery by clicking on the brown button above, at the top of this page.



Art and Architecture of the Provinces of the Roman Empire

The following collections of images have been created specifically for educational purposes, both in the classroom and for advanced research. Comprehensive treatment of the buildings and artifacts provides the necessary visual components for teaching applications from broad survey lecture courses to more focused, in depth seminars. These images are only available for educational purposes, and only to accredited institutions, faculty and students, and only for on campus use.


Merida, Theatre, Arena, Aqueduct, Museum

Segovia: Aquaduct


Arles, Arena, Baths of Constantine, Musée de l'Arles Antique

Glanum, Triumphal Arch, Cenotaph of the Julii

Nimes, Arena, Gate of Augustus, Tour Magne, Maison Carree

Orange, Theatre, Triumphal Arch, Museum

Pont du Gard, Aqueduct

Riems, Triumphal Arch

Autun, City Gate

Saintes, Triumphal Arch

Sens, Gallo-Roman Museum



Istanbul: Museum of Archaeology, Roman Walls, Mosaic Museum,

Iznik, City Walls, Gates, Roman Theatre, Regional Museum

Izmir: The Agora, Museum of History and Art, Archaelogical Museum

Bergama (Pergamum): Ancient site, regional museum

Ephesus: Comprehensive Treatment of the site, Regional Museum at Seljuk

Hieropolis: Comprehensive Treatment of the site

Aphrodisias: Comprehensive Treatment of the site, Regional Museum

Priene: Comprehensive Treatment of the site

Miletus: Comprehensive Treatment of the site

Didyma: Comprehensive Treatment of the site

Silifke and surrounding area:

Temple of Zeus


Elaouisa Sebaste


Fethiye: Lycian Tombs

Aspendos: Amphitheatre and aqueduct

Side: Comprehensive Treatment of the site, Regional Museum

Adana: Roman Bridge

Ankara: Roman Temple and inscription, Museum of Anatolian History

Antakya (Antioch): Archaeological Museum

Antalya: Hadrian's gate, 2nd C temple later used as church and mosque, Regional Museum

Kastabala (Hieropolis) Comprehensive coverage of site

Kadirli: 2nd C Roman Basilica later used as church and mosque



 Volubilis,  Roman administrative center, Municipia, circa 45-200 AD,    Comprehensive treatment of the site and archaeological park

 Lixus:      Comprehensive Treatment of the site, regional museum

Rabat:    Archaeological Museum, Roman ruins in the Chellah


 Timgad: Comprehensive coverage of site (museum currently closed)

 Djemila: Comprehensive coverage of the site and Regional Museum

 Setif:  Roman Baths and sculpture on display in the botanical garden


Tunis: Bardo Museum

Carthage: Museum and site

Thuburbo Maius: Comprehensive Treatment of the site

Udna: Comprehensive Treatment of the site.

Utica: Comprehensive Treatment of the site

El Djem, Amphitheatre 200 AD, Mosaic Museum

Dougga 100-250 AD: Comprehensive Treatment of the site

Sebeitla: Comprehensive Treatment of the site, Regional museum


Tripoli:  Jamahiriya Museum (National museum of archaeology, art and culture) all major elements of the collection; Arch of Marcus Aurelius, 164 AD 


Qsar Libya: Museum containing Byzantine mosaics from 529-540, said to be the finest of their kind in North Africa. 


 Ptolemais: Greco-Roman largest cistern in North Africa, Odeon, temples and villas. Museum collection includes many mosaics and sculptures


 Appolonia: Ancient Port of Cyrenne, largely destroyed in the earthquake of 365, rebuilt under the Byzantines.


 Cyrenne: Various temples, the agora, forum, private villas, public baths, a theatre, also museum of sculpture and mosaic from the site.    


 Leptis Magna:  including all the major buildings and the museum (as well as the items from Leptis in the National Museum in Tripoli). 


 Sabratha:   Including all the major buildings and the museum (as well as the items from Leptis in the National Museum in Tripoli). 





Cairo: Fort Babylon  (in the Coptic Quarter)


(see also Ancient Egypt for late examples of Pharonic architecture erected during the time of Roman rule)




Amman: Temple of Hercules and Archaeological Museum, Roman Theatre


Jerash: Comprehensive coverage of Roman city


Petra: Comprehensive coverage of entire site, including specifically Roman Imperial items as well as Roman items in the museum, also Byzantine Church and mosaics


Madaba: Byzantine churches and mosaics




Apamea: Comprehensive coverage of the entire site


Bosra: Comprehensive coverage of the entire site


Philippopolis: Comprehensive coverage of the entire site


Septimia Canatha (Qanat): Comprehensive coverage of the entire site


Mushenef:  Roman Temple


Damascus: Roman Arch, Roman Propylaeum, Roman Temple (fragments seen in exterior of Great Mosque), City Gate  (Bab Sharqi)


Palmyra: Comprehensive coverage of entire site and museum


San Simeon: Church of San Simeon, completed in the time of Emperor Zeno, circa 475


Byzantine Art and Architecture of Constantinople

Aya Sophia

Haghia Eirene Church

Church of SS Sergius and Bacchus

Church of St. Theodore

Valens Aqueduct

Church of Pammakaristos

Church of Constantine Lips

Church of the Pantocrator

City Walls (of Theodosius)

Palace of Porphyrogenitus (ruins of)

Church of St Savior in Chora